The Truth About Asphalt Shingles
Is it time to replace your roof?
Maybe this is the first roof you have to replace or maybe you have replaced it before. Either way asphalt shingles are not what they used to be. Thirty years ago a 20-year warranty asphalt shingle roof would last close to its twenty-year warranty if not a little longer. That is not the case anymore.
Due to increasing costs for the raw materials to manufacture asphalt shingles, (like asphalt,) the asphalt content has been reduced to an all-time low. This means there are more fillers, like sand, that is put into today’s shingles. With added fillers and less asphalt, it has begun an epidemic demise for the asphalt shingle industry. In today’s market, there are millions of asphalt shingle roofs that are failing 8 to 10 years after installation that have a supposedly 30 year or longer warranty on the shingles.
How do shingle manufacturer’s stay in business you ask? It’s simple they pay out $300 to $500 per warranty claim and charge the customer another $3,000 to $4,000 for their new roof. Asphalt shingle manufacturers are increasing their warranties to make it look like shingles last longer. But if today’s shingles are supposed to last longer, why would an asphalt shingle installer only warranty their workmanship for 3-5 years. Sounds fishy to us.
Here are what some industry experts say about asphalt shingles.
Home Improvement Experts Say:
“When it comes to shingles, the drawbacks center on service life. While asphalt shingles come with warranties ranging from 20 to as long as 45 years, roofers and builders remain skeptical of those warranties. Since warranties are a marketing device, they are not a reliable predictor of lifespan. In the past decade, there have been many complaints of asphalt shingle failure long before warranties expired. Many homeowners have been dissatisfied with warranty payouts that didn’t cover all the costs of repair or replacement as well…”
Laboratory Testing Facilities Say:
“Failed shingles that we have tested contain approximately 30% asphalt by weight. New shingles contain less than 25%. This asphalt is mixed with sand and fine mineral matter and then has granules embedded in it. There is no separate asphalt mat “coating”; there is only asphalt binder for the filler. What coating exists on the back of the shingle appears to have bled through the mat from the top side during manufacture. No wonder shingles “weep” water after only a few years.”
-Richard Tippet, Applied Roofing Technology
Still not convinced asphalt shingles are not what they used to be? Check out the video below on the history of Asphalt Shingles.
What Mike Holmes, star of Holmes on Holmes on HGTV says about metal roofing.
From Friday’s Globe and Mail
I love metal roofs – they really stand the test of time. Think of those old barns and farmhouses with metal roofs, still holding up centuries later. Some copper roofs on churches and government buildings are over 500 years old – even high-grade asphalt shingles will only give you a 30 year guarantee.
Today, metal roofs are made from galvanized aluminum, steel or copper, and they come in different price ranges, depending on your budget. They also come in a variety of colours, or with textured finishes that can make them look like cedar shakes, clay or slate, or even asphalt shingles.
Yes, they are more expensive – a metal roof will definitely cost you more than an asphalt shingle roof – but they’re still less expensive than slate, tile or cedar shake. And they will last a lot longer.
A metal roof should last at least two- to three-times longer than a regular asphalt shingle roof – an average of 50 years or more, where the average life span of an asphalt roof is 15 to 20 years. Which makes sense, since asphalt shingles are typically made of paper or fibreglass impregnated with oil and coated with fine gravel. They begin to break down as soon as you expose them to weather.
Asphalt shingles and cedar shakes are easy to tear off – and creatures like squirrels and raccoons have no problem getting into your attic. A metal roof is inorganic and will never decompose. It resists insects, mildew and rot, and metal roofs won’t curl or crack like asphalt, and they are resistant to ultra-violet light, which also acts to break down asphalt shingles. Metal roofs can also withstand extremely high winds – whereas asphalt shingles have been known to tear off and blow away.
The most important reason I like metal roofs is because they are fire resistant. If a fire breaks out next door and sparks or embers blow from that roof to the neighbouring house’s roof, the fire will spread.
But a metal roof won’t catch fire. It’s non-combustible and Class A fire rated.
Some people worry that a metal roof will weigh too much, or that you’ll have to resupport the roof to carry it. The truth is, metal roofs are lighter in weight than asphalt roofs. (Your roofers will thank you.)
Since metal doesn’t absorb moisture, its weight stays the same in both dry and wet weather. Cedar shake will weigh more when its wet, and both clay and concrete tiles are porous and will retain a lot of moisture – up to 10 pounds per square foot. You’ll need to provide extra support for this weight load.
Most metal is almost 100 per cent recyclable, which makes it very environmentally friendly. And most new metal roofs are made with partly-recycled material. And, since metal roofs last much longer, they need replacing less often, which keeps tons of used roofing material out of our landfills. You would not believe the amount of waste that comes with the tear off and disposal of an old roof – let alone the cost to you as a homeowner.
And, by the way, about that old roof: You’ll hear a lot of people suggest that because metal roofs are so lightweight, you can put them over old asphalt shingles to save the expense of tearing off the old roof – and save the landfill charges. They may even play the environmental card and tell you that it’s a good idea to keep the old shingles on and go over them. Don’t do it. I always recommend you tear off old shingles and inspect your roof deck before reshingling, even with a lightweight metal roof.
A lot of people worry that their metal roofs will be noisy when it rains – like living inside a drum. But a properly installed metal roof is no louder than any other roof. If the metal shingles have been mounted properly by a professional using built-up two-by-four strapping to help with venting and breatheability or over an attic space that is well-insulated, the noise is controlled.
Mike Holmes is the host of Holmes on Homes on HGTV. E-mail Mike at [email protected] or go to www.holmesonhomes.com .
Source : http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/home-and-garden/real-estate/mike-holmes/article1089870/